Safety in the Summer Sun
Precautions should be taken year-round to protect young skin from the harsh affects of
the sun. But this is especially important in the summertime when the sun is at its hottest.
Aside from sunburns, heatstroke and dehydration are additional hazards to watch out for
in young children. But with a few safety steps and by planning ahead you can avoid
sunburns and the like.
The best way to prevent sunburns, heatstroke and dehydration is to stay out of the sun.
But that isn’t practical or very fun. Buy sunscreen that is specifically made for children
and be sure to apply it at least 30 minutes prior to going outside. This gives the
sunscreen time to work. Once outside, reapply every two hours or more frequently if
there is swimming or a sprinkler involved. There are many products that can be
purchased to make this easier from colored sunscreen that goes clear after it is absorbed
by the skin to spray brands to make application easier.
Once outside, a hat is still important. Ideally the hat will cover the face, ears and the
back of the neck – all very sensitive body parts that are prone to getting burnt. Wearing a
hat will also protect you and the kids against heatstroke. Have water available for each
child when playing outside. The combination of them running around and the hot sun
can quickly dehydrate little bodies.
Staying out of the sun from 11:00 a.m. until after 2:00 p.m. is the best prevention. This is
the hottest time of the day and when the sun is at its peak. By avoiding the outdoors at
this time of day you can prevent sun related illnesses. If this isn’t possible seek out some
shade for the kids to take a break in. Avoiding the sun isn’t the solution it is being smart
when you are out in it.
The Climate of the Philippines is either tropical rainforest, tropical savanna or tropical monsoon, or humid subtropical (in higher-altitude areas) characterized by relatively high temperature, oppressive humidity and plenty of rainfall. There are two seasons in the country, the wet season and the dry season, based upon the amount of rainfall. This is dependent as well on your location in the country as some areas experience rain all throughout the year.
Based on temperature, the seven warmest months of the year are:
- from March to October; the winter monsoon brings cooler air
- from November to February
- May is the warmest month
- January, the coolest
There are four recognized climate types in the Philippines, and they are based on the distribution of rainfall (See the Philippine Climate Map). They are described as follows:
Type I. Two pronounced season: dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.
Type II. No dry season with a pronounced rainfall from November to January.
Type III. Seasons are not very pronounced, relatively dry from November to April, and wet during the rest of the year.
Type IV. Rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year.
Relative humidity is high in the Philippines. A high amount of moisture or vapor in the air makes hot temperatures feel hotter. This quantity of moisture is due to different factors - the extraordinary evaporation from the seas that surrounds the country on all sides, to the different prevailing winds in the different seasons of the year, and finally, to the abundant rains so common in a tropical country. The first may be considered as general causes of the great humidity, which is generally observed in all the islands throughout the year. The last two may influence the different degree of humidity for the different months of the year and for the different regions of the Archipelago.